Galantamine provides broad benefits in patients with ‘advanced moderate’ Alzheimer’s disease for up to six months.

Wilkinson DG, Hock C, Farlow M, van Baelen B, Schwalen S.

Memory Assessment and Research Centre,
Moorgreen Hospital, Southampton, UK
Int J Clin Pract 2002 Sep;56(7):509-14

Abstract

We investigated whether galantamine (Reminyl), a cholinergic agent with a dual mode of action for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD), would benefit patients with more advanced illness. We performed a post hoc analysis on pooled data from four pivotal studies in patients with ‘advanced moderate’ AD: baseline Mini-Mental State Evaluation (MMSE) scores < or = 12 (range 10-12; mean MMSE score 11) or Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) scores >30 (range 31-69; mean ADAS-cog score 39). Over 5-6 months, cognitive abilities were improved with galantamine versus placebo (p<0.001; mean treatment difference 6.5 points). At 6 months, galantamine benefited functional abilities (p<0.001 vs placebo). The first quartile of galantamine patients improved over baseline by 10.5 ADAS-cog points. Cognitive and functional abilities were maintained around baseline; behavioural symptoms were delayed. Over 6 months, galantamine provided a broad spectrum of benefits to patients with ‘advanced moderate’ AD.